Thinking of making a lateral move to a new firm? The ‘Three Ps’ may no longer be what they used to be.
While Prestige, Partnership, and Pay are still attractions offered by law ﬁrms, ‘Partner’ no longer means what it once did, and along with that change comes a possible diminution in Prestige and Pay.
The Holy Grail of the Legal Profession
‘Making Partner’. It is what every ﬁrst-year associate grunt has in their sights from when the offer from a new ﬁrm is accepted. The ﬁrst step to achieve in climbing the ladder from associate to partner is the rung of the non-equity partnership. Here, the beneﬁts of being a law ﬁrm employee mean that compensation will be through a W2 salary consisting of a base plus bonuses. In addition, the ﬁrm pays additional beneﬁts, such as health insurance, which is the same as for any employee. However, there is no share
in the ﬁrm’s proﬁts, the non-equity partner generally has no say in the decision-making processes affecting the ﬁrm, and job security is not guaranteed.
Advantages of Becoming an Equity Partner
Among the advantages of becoming an equity partner (also referred to as an income partner) is the ﬁnancial aspect: participating in ﬁrm-wide proﬁts will yield ‘outsized’ ﬁnancial rewards far above those of the non-equity partner. In addition, the equity partner enjoys
‘origination credit’ remuneration. This means that the partner is rewarded for bringing new clients to the ﬁrm even if the equity partner did not represent that client on an ongoing basis and another ﬁrm employee handled the client’s interests. When determining which non-equity partners will be offered an equity position, ﬁrms place signiﬁcant weight on the amount of business the candidate has brought to the table.
But beyond ﬁnancial rewards are voting rights within the ﬁrm, thereby giving the equity partner a voice in its governance, including crafting formulas for compensation. Like any other partner in an equity partnership, the law ﬁrm equity partner receives remuneration by way of Schedule K-1 distributions.
And then there are the Disadvantages…
So why wouldn’t a non-equity partner strive to become a full equity partner? First, there is the cost: the increased prestige, pay, and power come at a considerable price in the form of a required capital contribution, often in the range of 25%-35% of annual compensation. At some ‘Big Law’ ﬁrms, an equity partner’s capital compensation can be as high as 50% of their compensation. For a young attorney, at the developing point in a law career, the required sum to ‘join the club’ can be a signiﬁcant ﬁnancial
hit and even an endgame obstacle.
Upon leaving the ﬁrm, getting one’s capital contribution back at a later point can also be fraught with problems, as many ﬁrms have partnership rules proscribing a return of those funds until years after the partner’s exit. A more minor yet notable disadvantage is that equity partners generally pay for their own beneﬁts. Then there is the risk factor. It is not just the proﬁts that the equity partner shares but also the ﬁrm’s liabilities, to the extent that the ﬁrm’s structure might expose its equity partners to third-party claims.
The Appeal of Non-Equity Partnerships
After considering the beneﬁts and downsides, many non-equity partners opt to remain in that position. Avoiding the enormous capital contribution required is a prominent factor. In some cases, there are opportunities to invest that money in a more ﬂexible and liquid investment, even if that means preceding the ﬁrm’s partnership prestige and proﬁt-sharing allure. However, even for those who have already achieved equity partner ranking at their partner ﬁrm, the decision to forgo equity partnership when making a lateral move can also be appealing. Such a move might be part of a pre-retirement departure from the current ﬁrm or the overall ‘simplicity’ of a non-equity arrangement making the change attractive.
Creative compensation packages can work to the beneﬁt of the non-equity partner and the law ﬁrm if the former receives a percentage of the origination credit without tapping into the ﬁrm’s proﬁtability. As for the voting ‘power’ aspect, in truth, many ﬁrms are relieving equity partners of the decision-making role and leaving such governance in the hands of a small committee or even handing those reins to a manager.
The Trend Towards Non-Equity Partnership Offers
According to a recruiting professional at one global lawyer placement organization, legal recruiters now see top-tier candidates who would usually have been offered an equity partnership are now getting
non-equity positions. This pool of candidates includes highly experienced government lawyers and current equity partners in the midst of making a lateral move. The trend toward making non-equity partnership offers is, in part, because it is deemed to put the ﬁrm at less risk in bringing on the new partner. Recruiters are therefore encouraging lawyers to consider whether the new prospective ﬁrm provides a good ﬁt overall—including compensation—rather than focusing on the title of the position.
A recent analysis by ALM Intelligence revealed that in 81 of the 151 ﬁrms surveyed, participants in non-equity partnership tiers grew in 2020. Of these, 51 saw growth of over 5% in the non-equity level, and this trend was most distinct among the Am Law 50 law ﬁrms. Overall, the increase in the ranks of non-equity partner tiers continues to multiply, while at the same time, the equity partner sector continues to shrink.
A Changing Culture
Whether primarily caused by law ﬁrm interests or by partner preference, it is clear that law ﬁrm structure and culture are in the midst of a signiﬁcant change. As non-equity offers become the norm, lawyers looking to make a lateral move will have to adjust their expectations regarding prestige, power, and pay and their traditional notion of what a ‘partner trajectory’ means.
“PARALEGALS ARE OFTEN HIRED FOR INTENSIVE SUPPORT ROLES WITHIN AN ATTORNEY’S CASELOAD….
…A WIDE RANGE OF TRULY SUBSTANTIVE LEGAL WORK CAN NOW BE LAWFULLY ASSIGNED TO A PARALEGAL”
While partnership status in law ﬁrms is still considered invaluable, equity partnerships are losing their appeal among young attorneys.
Capital contributions and the ﬁnancial stress of becoming a ‘part owner’ in the ﬁrm make equity partnership statuses a risky proposition. Additionally, equity partners must be born businessmen and be able to generate business for the ﬁrm.
The Path Forward
The ‘non-equity’ partner – a recognition of hard work and effort without the‘hard pressures’ of the job.
1. A risk-reward analysis:
Whether you are a name partner determining a promotion philosophy for your ﬁrm or if you are a ‘partner track’ associate deciding your next move, all the beneﬁts and pitfalls must be considered—ﬁnancial contributions, voting rights, compensation goals, professional development, etc.
2. Taking up leadership:
Outside of the hefty capital contributions, leadership potential is essential to weigh in any partnership discussion. While non-equity partners are, of course, leaders in their domain, an equity partner must ably leverage their status as a partner to bring in new clients in order to grow the business even further, which is incentivized by an ‘origination credit’.
3. Creative compensation arrangements:
A title is nothing without appropriate ﬁnancial compensation, which recognizes an employee’s status inside and outside the ﬁrm. Money should accompany the status if a ﬁrm decides to appoint non-equity partners.
4. Dividing leadership tasks:
Larger ﬁrms beget larger pools of partnerships, leading to the segmentation of leadership tasks related to voting, ﬁrm initiatives, business development, etc. Governance councils within the partners effectively distribute responsibilities between the equity and non-equity partners evenly.
5. Accepting the change:
Supporters of the traditional viewpoints on law ﬁrm leadership may be averse to accepting partners who do not hold a ‘personal stake’ in the business. But the market is often dictated by the needs of the workforce. Therefore, a ﬁrm should not sacriﬁce an esteemed attorney from joining their partnership for formalized reasons. What ultimately matters is the ﬁrm’s growth strategy and the value a non-equity partner can bring to the business
- https://abovethelaw.com/2021/08/is-it-better-to-be-an-equity-partner-or-non-equity- partner/
- https://www.techlawcrossroads.com/2021/03/non-equity-partnerships-and-the-changing- law-ﬁrm-culture/
- https://www.lawpracticetoday.org/article/law-ﬁrm-origination-policies-climbing- mountain-equity/